Imperial Constitution of Karnia-Ruthenia

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Imperial Constitution of Karnia-Ruthenia

Post by Emperor-King »

CONSTITUTION OF KARNO-RUTHENIAN EMPIRE PROMULGATION DECREE
WE, THE EMPEROR-KING OF KARNIA-RUTHENIA, ETC., with a sense of responsibility for every Karno-Ruthenian, declare the following:

We are proud of the solid foundations of our State, of our forbears, who fought for the survival, freedom and independence of our Empire. We are proud of the outstanding intellectual achievements of the Karno-Ruthenian people. We are proud that our people have fought in defense of the right and of the truth over the years.

We promise to preserve the intellectual and spiritual unity of our nation and proclaim that the nationalities living with us form part of our political community and are constituent parts of the Imperial State. We commit ourselves to cherishing and preserving our heritage, the languages and cultures of nationalities in the Empire. Bearing responsibility for our descendants, we shall protect the living conditions of future generations by making prudent use of our material, intellectual and natural resources.

We respect the freedom and cultures of other peoples, and shall strive to cooperate with every nation of the world. We hold that human existence is based on human dignity. We hold that individual freedom can only unfold through cooperation with others. We hold that the family and the nation provide the most important framework for our coexistence, and that our fundamental cohesive values are fidelity, respect, faith and love. We hold that the strength of a community and the honour of each person are based on work, an achievement of the human mind.

We hold that we are duty-bound to help the vulnerable. We hold that the common goal of citizens and the State is to achieve the highest possible measure of well-being, security, order, justice and liberty. We hold that democracy exists only where the State serves it citizens and administers their affairs in an equitable manner and without abuse or partiality. We honour the achievements of our historical constitution and we honour the Crown, which embodies the constitutional continuity of our statehood and the unity of the nation. We trust in a jointly-shaped future and the commitment of young generations of citizens. We believe that our children and grandchildren will make our Empire greater through their talent, perseverance and moral strength.

Our Imperial Constitution shall be the basis of our legal order: it shall be an alliance among our citizens for the future. It is a living framework expressing the nation’s will and the form in which we wish to live. We, the Emperor-King and the citizens of Karnia-Ruthenia, are ready to found the order of our country upon the cooperation of the nation.

We, the Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia, etc., being aware of our responsibility before God and man, and through the work developed by the Constitutional Commission, availing ourselves of our power to adopt a constitution, have hereby determined, approved and promulgate the new Constitution of the Karno-Ruthenian Empire.

We ordain all authorities to whom the knowledge and execution of the present Decree belong, that comply with and enforce and obey its contents as fully as it is contained.
PUBLISH et COMPLY.
Done and passed at Hofbau Palace, at the Imperial and Royal Majesty’s Own Office, on the Thirtieth day of July in the year of Two Thousand and Seventeen of grace of Our Lord Jesus Christ.

HIS IMPERIAL AND ROYAL MAJESTY,
EMPEROR OF KARNIA AND KING OF RUTHENIA
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Re: Imperial Constitution of Karnia-Ruthenia

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CONSTITUTIONAL OATH OF HIS IMPERIAL MAJESTY, THE EMPEROR
We, the Successor to the prosperous Throne of Our Predecessors, do humbly and solemnly swear to to Our Government and Our Nation that, in pursuance of a great policy co-extensive with the Natural Law and with the People, We shall maintain and secure from decline the traditional form of government.

In consideration of the progressive tendency of the course of human affairs and in parallel with the advance of civilization, We deem it expedient, in order to give clearness and distinctness to the instructions bequeathed by Our Imperial Ancestors and by Our political national history, to establish fundamental laws formulated into express provisions of law, so that, on the one hand, Our Imperial posterity may possess an express guide for the course they are to follow, and that, on the other, Our subjects shall thereby be enabled to enjoy a wider range of action in giving Us their support, and that the observance of Our laws shall continue to the remotest ages of time. We will thereby to give greater firmness to the stability of Our country and to promote the welfare of all the people within the boundaries of Our dominions; and We now establish the Constitution. These Laws come to only an exposition of grand precepts for the conduct of the government, bequeathed by Our political, legal and philosophical developments in political conduct. That we have been so fortunate in Our reign, in keeping with the tendency of the times, as to accomplish this work, We owe to the joint effort of Our Government, Our subjects and Our jurists, which resulted in the democratic establishment of the Constitutional Commission and its final result, the Constitution.

We now reverently make Our oath to them, and call for the help of their endeavor, and make before the Constitution solemn oath never at this time nor in the future to fail to be an example to Our subjects in the observance of the Laws hereby established.

May the whole nation, of today and of tomorrow, witness Our solemn Oath.

HIS IMPERIAL AND ROYAL MAJESTY,
EMPEROR OF KARNIA AND KING OF RUTHENIA
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Re: Imperial Constitution of Karnia-Ruthenia

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IMPERIAL SPEECH ON THE PROMULGATION OF THE CONSTITUTION
WHEREAS WE make it the joy and glory of Our heart to behold the prosperity of Our country, and the welfare of Our most loyal subjects, We do hereby, in virtue of the power We acquire through joint effort and tradition, promulgate the present immutable constitution, for the sake of Our present subjects and their descendants.

The Imperial Sovereign, by the help and support of the forefathers of Our subjects, laid the foundation of Our Empire upon a basis, which is to last forever. That this brilliant achievement embellishes the annals of Our country, is due to the glorious virtues of Our Ancestors, and to the loyalty and bravery of Our most loyal subjects, their love of their country and their public spirit.

We doubt not but that Our subjects will be guided by Our views, and will sympathize with all Our endeavours considering the loyal, trustful and loving nature of Our subjects, and that, harmoniously cooperating together, they will share with Us Our hope of making manifest the glory of Our Empire, both at home and abroad, and of securing forever the stability of the work bequeathed to Us by our wish for a greater future.

Done and passed at Hofbau Palace, at the Imperial and Royal Majesty’s Own Office, on the Thirtieth day of July in the year of Two Thousand and Seventeen of grace of Our Lord Jesus Christ.
HIS IMPERIAL AND ROYAL MAJESTY,
EMPEROR OF KARNIA AND KING OF RUTHENIA
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Re: Imperial Constitution of Karnia-Ruthenia

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EXPLANATORY STATEMENT OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION TO HIS MAJESTY, THE EMPEROR-KING
YOUR IMPERIAL AND ROYAL MAJESTY,
It is with the greatest of honors that, in accordance with Title VI of the Internal Regiment of the Constitutional Commission, I hereby publicize and submit to the consideration and judgment of Your Majesty the Constitution of the Karno-Ruthenian Empire Project Outline.

After a dedicated and zealous work, I am proud to offer to Your Majesty the result of five months and nineteen days of effort, carried out throughout fifteen Ordinary Sessions of the Commission, in which ten procedural stages of the drafting of the Constitution were deliberated and documented in resolutions, all of them officially published in fourteen ordinances. As a result, we completed a Constitution Project Outline with one hundred and sixteen articles, written in seven titles, and one Temporary Constitutional Provisions Act, written in three articles.

With the constitutional text annexed below, we seek to achieve the objectives set out in the February Manifesto and, as stated in the preamble to the Constitution, to guarantee with this work the foundation upon which the next phases of modernization of the imperial legal order will be fulfilled.

To achieve this, several changes were begotten in the new law, profoundly altering the ways in which Parliament is organized and justice carried out in court. The modifications, however large, correspond with the most perfect deductions of reason and natural law, both of which, together with the political tradition of the Empire, were our supreme guides in the elaboration of the Constitution.

We understand that the change will naturally take some time to be understood and absorbed by Your Majesty and your subjects, and therefore a transitional act has been proposed at the end of the legal text, which, if approved by Your Majesty, should be observed with the same respect and obedience than the rest of the Constitution.

The arrival of this new constitutional era must be accompanied by the unanimous commitment of the members of the Government, the Armed Forces, the Nobility, and the Imperial Family, so that not a single word of this text may be removed or neglected. In defense of this objective, I, as Palatine of the Court of Justice, commit myself before Your Majesty to conduct the vigilance of the Imperial Supreme Court in order to raise the severe burden of justice against anyone who seeks to circumvent or destroy its articles, as well as to welcome under its just balance all those who seek refuge against tyranny and crime in these fundamental norms.

This Constitution, produced under the principles of publicity, democracy and justice, through a transparent political and legal process, has its authority emanated from the people and shall serve the people, who are its immediate owners and guardians. To protect this fact, we have inserted in article 32 the right to resistance against any public act that manifestly contravenes the Constitution. Your Majesty, as the first representative of the people, are also the first guardian of the Constitution. All the legitimacy of the State derives from its articles, for these derive from the liberty and right of the people, and the Crown must remain inflexible in the protection of its text, which is the only thing above Your Majesty in this nation.

Although supreme in authority, it is not tyrannical or dictatorial, since it allows itself to be altered. Any amendment, however, must follow the rites proposed in its own text, and in no other way Your Majesty should allow the Government in your name to change the Constitution.

This Magna Carta was written with the purpose of being eternal and effective in the political conduct of the Empire, reflecting in the law the spirit of tradition, monarchy, continuity and legal values. Thus, the Constitution itself is the first legal asset of the nation and a public patrimony of all people, who must have access to its content.

In these terms, I submit its provisions for the consideration of Your Majesty, which shall approve or recommend its amendment pursuant to article 16 of the Internal Regiment of the Constitutional Commission.

Respectfully,
Wilhelm von und zu Hochbach
Minister of Justice
Palatine of the Court of Justice
Chairman of the Constitutional Commission
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Re: Imperial Constitution of Karnia-Ruthenia

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CONSTITUTION OF THE KARNO-RUTHENIAN EMPIRE
We, Oscar the First,
by the grace of God, Emperor of Karnia and King of Ruthenia
King of Bessabia, King of Acrin, King of Horvatia, Szolnók, Geza, Letingia, Escandia, King of Jestia, etc.; Archduke of Karnia, Grand Duke of Gaussland, Caledonia; Duke of Ladislavia, Hoheneinsamkeit, Weißeswasser, Csorna, Chedowski, Balaton; Grand Prince of Karcag, Margrave of Luftrein, Duke of Persenburg, Götzödorf, Mohács, Pannonhalm, Podenbrad, Gyalla, Oswiencin, Zallanta, Cieszpreg, Fertodin, Rugoz, Árpád; Princely Count of Bihar, Tamaz, Koberg, Gerizia, Grevenia; Prince of Thomaz-Rocha, Bersód; Margrave of Upper and Lower Lusitia; Count of Heves, Feldkirchenberg, Brevento, Szentes, etc.; Lord of Fürstenbergserdboden, Kazin, etc., etc. etc.

Having, by virtue of the glories of Our Ancestors, ascended the throne desiring to promote the welfare of, and to give development to the moral and intellectual faculties of Our beloved subjects, and hoping to maintain the prosperity of the State, in concert with Our people and with their support, We hereby promulgate, in pursuance of the work made by

the Constitutional Commission from 10 February 2017 to 30 July 2017, a fundamental law of the State, to exhibit the principles, by which We are guided in Our conduct, and to point out to what Our descendants and Our subjects and their descendants are forever to conform.

The right of sovereignty of the State, We have conquered by Our struggle, and We shall bequeath them to Our descendants. Neither We nor they shall in future fail to wield them, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution hereby granted.

We now declare to respect and protect the security of the rights and of the property of Our people, and to secure to them the complete enjoyment of the same, within the extent of the provisions of the present Constitution and of the law.

The Imperial Diet shall first be convoked, and the time of its opening shall be the date, when the present Constitution comes into force.

When in the future it may become necessary to amend any of the provisions of the present Constitution, We or Our successors, the Imperial Chancellor and the Imperial Diet shall pass its vote upon it, according to the conditions imposed by the present Constitution, and in no otherwise shall Our descendants or Our subjects be permitted to attempt any alteration thereof.

Our Ministers of State, on Our behalf, shall be held responsible for the carrying out of the present Constitution, and Our present and future subjects shall forever assume the duty of allegiance to the present Constitution.

OSCAR

The 1st day of the 8th month of the 3rd year of His Reign.

Countersigned by Margrave Wilhelm von und zu Hochbach, Minister of Justice and President of the Constitutional Commission, Duke Guilherme of Libertia, Prime Minister of State, Count Nicolas François Jacques Grangier de Fleurac, member of the Constitutional Commission, Grand Duke Christian of Letzembourg, member of the Constitutional Commission, King Thomas of Cumagne, Minister of Strategic Affairs and member of the Constitutional Commission.
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Re: Imperial Constitution of Karnia-Ruthenia

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CONSTITUTION OF THE KARNO-RUTHENIAN EMPIRE

Preamble
We, the appointed members of the Constitutional Commission, inspired by the needs and ideals defended by the February Manifesto, anxious to erect a body of supreme laws that effectively organize the State and protect individual and political rights, in order to provide the Empire with the means to progress and to develop under a complete, just, rational and modern legal system, have drawn up the present CONSTITUTION OF THE KARNO-RUTHENIAN EMPIRE to serve as a fundamental norm, a bulwark of right and justice, and to be promulgated by His Majesty the Emperor, in the name and for the benefit of his subjects:
TITLE I
Fundamental Principles
ARTICLE 1 The Karno-Ruthenian Empire is the political association of all the Karno-Ruthenian citizens.

ARTICLE 2
The State is governed by the following principles:
I – Sovereignty;
II – Citizenship;
III – Union between the constituent nations;
IV – Isonomy.

ARTICLE 3 The goals of the Empire’s domestic policy are:
I – Guarantee and preserve the union of the constituent nations of the State;
II – Promote debureaucatisation;
III - Promote the welfare of all its nationals under the principle of legal equality;
IV – Guarantee the possibility of political and social development;
V – Preserve traditional Karno-Ruthenian culture and customs as national heritage and substance of national identity.

ARTICLE 4 The goals of the Empire’s foreign policy are:
I – National independence;
II – National self-determination;
III – Equality between States;
IV – Repudiation of terrorism and attacks on sovereignty;
V – Cooperation among nations for progress;
VI – Respect for human rights;
VII – Conflict resolution through diplomacy and peaceful means.
SINGLE PARAGRAPH The Karno-Ruthenian Empire shall not admit diplomatic relations of any kind with those States which oppose the former’s independence.
TITLE II
Individual Rights, Liberties and Guarantees
ARTICLE 5 Individual rights and freedoms are directly applicable, bind public and private entities, are guaranteed by the State and must be exercised within the framework of the Constitution and laws.

ARTICLE 6 The exercise of rights and freedoms may be limited by the safeguarding of other rights or interests protected by the Constitution.

ARTICLE 7 The law may only limit rights, freedoms and guarantees in cases expressly provided in the Constitution.

ARTICLE 8 All Karno-Ruthenian are born free and equal in dignity and rights.

ARTICLE 9 Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Constitution, without distinction of any kind, without prejudice to the differences in the judicial process relating to the public service performed in any particular case.

ARTICLE 10 The expression of intellectual, artistic, scientific and communication activity is free, regardless of censorship or license.

ARTICLE 11 No one shall be bound by anything other than by law.

ARTICLE 12 Legal restrictions on rights and freedoms shall be general and abstract in character and shall not have retroactive effect.

ARTICLE 13 Laws can only have retroactive effects when they benefit citizens and other legal entities.

ARTICLE 14 Everyone is entitled to demand, under the terms of the law, compensation for damages caused by the violation of their fundamental rights.

ARTICLE 15 The State is responsible for damages caused by illegal acts of its agents in the performance of their duties, without prejudice to legal recourse under the terms of the law.

ARTICLE 16 Everyone has the right to security, and no one can be put to judgment except under the law, and by competent authority.

ARTICLE 17 No one may be convicted for an act not qualified as a crime at the time of its practice.

ARTICLE 18 Penalties and security measures that are subject to deprivation or restriction of political or individual rights perpetually or for unlimited or indefinite duration are prohibited, without prejudice to the cases of loss of nationality.

ARTICLE 19 No sentence deprives the convicted person of his or her fundamental rights, except for the limitations inherent to the sense of conviction and the specific requirements of its execution.

ARTICLE 20 The State guarantees citizens access to the courts and guarantees defendants the right to defense and the right to legal assistance.

ARTICLE 21 Pre-trial loss of political rights is only allowed in cases provided by law, which establishes the respective deadlines.

ARTICLE 22 The citizen under preventive loss of political rights must be presented within the time limit set by law to the decision of the judicial authority, which alone is competent to decide on the validation and maintenance of the deprivation.

ARTICLE 23 Every person deprived of rights shall be informed immediately and comprehensively of the reasons for his rights deprivation.

ARTICLE 24 The judicial decision ordering or maintaining a measure of deprivation of rights must be immediately communicated to a relative or person of the detainee's trust, as indicated by him.

ARTICLE 25 In case of unlawful deprivation, the citizen has the right to have recourse to the writ of habeas ius.

ARTICLE 26 The writ of habeas ius is filed before the court, which decides on it within a maximum of eight days.

ARTICLE 27 Extradition can only take place by judicial decision.

ARTICLE 28 Extradition shall not be granted to a requesting State where it is well established that extradited may be subjected to inhuman, degrading or cruel treatment.

ARTICLE 29 The native Karno-Ruthenian citizen can not be extradited from the national territory.

ARTICLE 30 The correspondence or other means of private communication are inviolable, except in cases specially provided by law.

ARTICLE 31 The inspection of the private communication instruments of citizens against their will can only be ordered by the competent judicial authority, in the cases and according to the forms specifically provided by law.

ARTICLE 32 Citizens can challenge acts that violate their rights established in the Constitution and other laws.

ARTICLE 33 Citizens have the right to appeal to the courts against acts that violate their rights and interests recognized by the Constitution and by law.

ARTICLE 34 Individual freedoms and guarantees may only be temporarily suspended or limited in general character by virtue of a declaration of the state of war, the state of siege or the state of emergency under the terms laid down in the Constitution.

ARTICLE 35 The State recognizes and guarantees the right to property.

ARTICLE 36 Expropriation may only take place by virtue of public necessity, utility or interest, defined in terms of the law, and gives rise to fair compensation.

ARTICLE 37 The State recognizes and guarantees, under the law, the right to inheritance.
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Re: Imperial Constitution of Karnia-Ruthenia

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TITLE III
Political Rights
ARTICLE 38 The Karno-Ruthenian people exercise political power through universal, direct, equal, secret and periodic suffrage for the election of their representatives; through referendum on the great national issues; and the permanent democratic participation of citizens in the life of the Nation.

ARTICLE 39 Electoral enlistment and voting are optional for all citizens, and only the Emperor and the Imperial Family are deprived of this right.

ARTICLE 40 Eligibility conditions are:
I – Karno-Ruthenian nationality;
II – full exercise of political rights;
III – electoral enlistment;
IV – membership of any political party;
V – electoral domicile in the district.

ARTICLE 41 The action of impeachment shall be handled in secrecy of justice, and the author will respond, in the form of the law, if daredevil or of manifest bad faith.

ARTICLE 42 The revoke of political rights is prohibited, whose loss or suspension will only occur in the cases of:
I – revoke of naturalization by a final judgment;
II – absolute civil incapacity;
III – a final criminal conviction, for the duration of its effects, without prejudice to the provisions of the articles 21 and 22;
IV – refusal to fulfill obligation imposed on everyone or alternative provision;
V – administrative impropriety.

ARTICLE 43 The law that changes the electoral process will come into force on the date of its publication, not applying to the election that occurs until two months from the date of its validity.

ARTICLE 44 Political representation can only be achieved through affiliation with a party.

ARTICLE 45 In deep respect for national unity and for democratic values, parties are bound to the principles enshrined in the Constitution and the law.

ARTICLE 46 In achieving their objectives, political parties shall in particular:
I – have national scope;
II – to defend national interests;
III – contribute to the formation of public opinion, in particular on the major national issues;
IV – to strengthen the patriotic spirit of citizens and the consolidation of the Karno-Ruthenian nation;
V – to answer to justice.

ARTICLE 47 Social organizations, as forms of association with particular affinities and interests, play an important role in promoting democracy and citizen participation in public life.

ARTICLE 48 Social organizations will contribute to the realization of the rights and freedoms of citizens, as well as to raise individual and collective awareness in the fulfillment of civic duties.

ARTICLE 49 All citizens have the right to petitions, complaints and protest before a competent authority to demand the reinstatement of their violated rights or in defense of the general interest.

ARTICLE 50 Citizens have the right not to comply with illegal orders or to those which offend their rights, freedoms and guarantees.

ARTICLE 51 All citizens have, either personally or through advocacy associations concerned, the right of people’s legal action under the law.

ARTICLE 52 The right of people’s legal action includes, in particular:
I – the right to claim damages for the injured party;
II – the right to promote the prevention, cessation or judicial prosecution of violations of public morality, public patrimony and cultural heritage;
III – the right to defend the assets of the State and local authorities.
TITLE IV
Nationality
ARTICLE 53 The following are Karno-Ruthenians:
I – by birth:
a) those born in the Karno-Ruthenian Empire, even if of foreign parents, provided that they are not at the service of their country;
b) those born abroad, of a Karno-Ruthenian father or a Karno-Ruthenian mother, provided that either of them is at the service of the Karno-Ruthenian Empire;
c) those born abroad, of a Karno-Ruthenian father or a Karno-Ruthenian mother, provided that they are registered with a competent Karno-Ruthenian authority, or come to reside in the Karno-Ruthenian Empire, and opt for the Karno-Ruthenian nationality at any time after reaching majority.
II – naturalized:
a) foreigners of any nationality, without criminal conviction, provided that they apply for the Karno-Ruthenian nationality.

ARTICLE 54 The law may not establish any distinction between born and naturalized Karno-Ruthenians, except in the cases stated in this Constitution.

ARTICLE 55 The office of Emperor is exclusive for born Karno-Ruthenians.

ARTICLE 56 Loss of nationality shall be declared for a Karno-Ruthenian who:
I – has his naturalization or birth nationality cancelled by court decision due process of law;
II – acquires another nationality, save in the cases:
a) of recognition of the original nationality by the foreign law;
b) of imposition of naturalization, under the foreign rules, to the Karno-Ruthenian resident in a foreign State as a condition for permanence in its territory, or for the exercise of civil rights.
SINGLE PARAGRAPH The subheadings in item II of this article do not apply if the second nationality is from a country falls within the description of the single paragraph of article 4 of this Constitution.
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TITLE V
Empire

Chapter I
State
ARTICLE 57 The Karno-Ruthenian Empire is an unitary, monarchical, parliamentary and multi-party Democratic State of Rights.

ARTICLE 58 The Empire establishes through its central power its administrative subdivisions, formed by the Kingdoms, Principalities, Duchies and any other constituent state that receives the legal quality of administrative region.

ARTICLE 59 The creation and regulation of administrative subdivisions are made by ordinary law, but its deliberation shall be proposed to the Diet only after the opinion of a Parliamentary Committee composed of the elected representatives or nominees originated in the region concerned by the law.
SINGLE PARAGRAPH The Parliamentary Committee which will deliberate on the law amending administrative regions is instituted by the Emperor upon appointment of the Diet.

ARTICLE 60 All the languages of the peoples of the Karno-Ruthenian Empire and their written documents are equally valid before the law.
§ 1º Every citizen has the right to live in his own culture and language.
§ 2º Every citizen has the right to communicate in his own language before the courts or government bodies.
§ 3º The ignorance of the language of public power’s act does not excuse the anti-legal action.

ARTICLE 61 State symbols are the Emperor, Imperial Family, Imperial Flag, Imperial Anthem, Imperial Seal and Imperial Coat of Arms.
Chapter II
Emperor
ARTICLE 62 The Emperor is the Head of State and symbol of the State’s unity and sovereignty.

ARTICLE 63 The Imperial Throne shall be succeeded by Imperial descendants, according to the provisions of the Imperial Household Law, following the principle of absolute primogeniture.

ARTICLE 64 The Emperor is inviolable.

ARTICLE 65 The competences of the Emperor are:
I – to exercise maximum authority in matters concerning the State;
II – to exercise the supreme command of the Armed Forces, as Field Marshal;
III – declare war and make peace, with the consent of the Imperial Diet;
IV – to lead the country's foreign policy and represent it internationally;
V – to ratify international treaties and conventions;
VI – to declare State of Exception;
VII – dissolve the Imperial Diet in cases of serious national security risk, as well as dissolve the House of Representatives at the end of the legislature and convene it for the new legislative year;
VIII – to convene Ordinary Sessions of the Imperial Diet, as well as Extraordinary Sessions, in cases of urgency;
IX – advise and be advised by the Cabinet of Ministers, Supreme War Council and Imperial Council;
X – appoint the Imperial Chancellor and Magistrates of the Imperial Supreme Court, with the consent of the Imperial Diet;
XI – promulgate or veto laws passed by the Imperial Diet, except those amending the Constitution; and
XII – propose bills to the Imperial Diet.

ARTICLE 66 The Imperial Council is an organ of the State distinct from the Imperial Throne with the function of advising and assisting the Emperor in his functions, and is composed of:
I – the Emperor;
II – the Crown Prince, if he has reached age of majority;
III – the Imperial Chancellor;
IV – the Minister of State of Foreign Affairs;
V – the Minister of State of Home Affairs;
VI – the Minister of State of War;
VII – the Minister of State of Justice;
VIII – three deputies chosen by the Imperial Diet, holding the position for the term of their legislative mandate.
SINGLE PARAGRAPH The Imperial Council is summoned only by the Emperor.

ARTICLE 67 The Supreme War Council is an organ of the State distinct from the Imperial Throne with the function of advising and assisting the Emperor in times of war, and is composed of:
I – the Emperor;
II – the Crown Prince, if he has reached age of majority;
III – the Imperial Chancellor;
IV – the Minister of State of Foreign Affairs;
V – the Minister of State of Home Affairs;
VI – the Minister of State of War;
VII – the Chief of Staff;
VIII – the Grand Admiral;
IX – the Marshal of the Air Force;
X – the Colonel General;
XI – the Admiral;
XII – the Air Marshal.
SINGLE PARAGRAPH The Supreme War Council shall be summoned by the Emperor upon declaration of State of War or other form of State of Exception.
Chapter III
Cabinet
ARTICLE 68 The Cabinet is the body responsible for administering the Empire’s executive power at the central level.

ARTICLE 69 The Cabinet is appointed by the Imperial Chancellor, with the consent of the Emperor.

ARTICLE 70 The Imperial Chancellor is the Head of Government and leader of the Cabinet, appointing and dismissing its members.

ARTICLE 71 The Cabinet and the Imperial Chancellor do not have a fixed mandate, leaving the office by resignation or motion of no confidence of the Imperial Diet.

ARTICLE 72 If the Empire is in a State of War or any other kind of State of Exception, members of the Cabinet will not be forced to leave their office until institutional normalization.

ARTICLE 73 The Cabinet shall consist, at least, of:
I – the Imperial Chancellor;
II – the Minister of State of Home Affairs;
III – the Minister of State of Foreign Affairs;
IV – the Minister of State of War;
V – the Minister of State of Justice.
§ 1º The Emperor may, if he wishes, attend and preside over the Cabinet meeting.
§ 2º The powers of the State Ministers shall be determined by decree.

ARTICLE 74 The competences of the Imperial Chancellor are:
I – to exercise the highest authority in matters concerning the Government;
II – to head the Cabinet;
III – to appoint and dismiss the members of the Cabinet, upon the consent of the Emperor;
IV – to advise and be advised by the Emperor;
V – to create and regulate imperial agencies;
VI – to propose bills to the Imperial Diet;
VII – monthly take part in the Imperial Diet, in Ordinary Session, to answer the Questions to the Imperial Chancellor.
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Chapter IV
Armed Forces
ARTICLE 75 The State takes for itself the monopoly of the legitimate use of coercive force.

ARTICLE 76 The defense of the country against foreign or domestic agents is carried out by the Imperial Army of Karnia-Ruthenia, linked solely to the central government.
§ 1º Supplementary law will establish the general norms to be adopted in the organization, preparation and employment of the Armed Forces.
§ 2º There will be no habeas ius in respect of military disciplinary punishments.
§ 3º The members of the Armed Forces are denominated military, applying to them, besides those that will be fixed by law, the following dispositions:
I – the patents, with prerogatives, rights and duties inherent to them, are conferred by the Emperor and fully assured to the active officials, reserve or retired, being to them exclusive the titles and military posts and, together with the other members, the use of uniforms of the Armed Forces;
II – an officer shall only lose his post and rank if he is judged unworthy of or incompatible with the dignity of officership by decision of a permanent court, in times of peace, or of a special court, in times of war;
III – an officer sentenced by means of an unappealable judgment to loss of political rights for more than two months shall be submitted to trial as provided in the preceding item;
IV – the law shall provide for admission to the Armed Forces, age limits, tenure, and other conditions for a military to be retired, the rights, duties, prerogatives and other circumstances which are specific to the military, the special characteristics of their activities being taken into account, including those carried out by virtue of international agreements and of war.

ARTICLE 77 The Imperial Army of Karnia-Ruthenia has as its Commander-in-Chief the Emperor, who receives the title of Field Marshal, and as Deputy Commander-in-Chief the Colonel General, chosen by the Imperial General Headquarters.

ARTICLE 78 Military enlistment is optional for all Karno-Ruthenian from the age of fifteen.

ARTICLE 79 The administration of the Imperial Army of Karnia-Ruthenia is carried out by the Imperial General Headquarters and the Ministry of War, without prejudice of the Imperial Diet to vote laws on the subject.
Chapter V
Imperial Diet
ARTICLE 80 The Imperial Diet is the political body with the highest authority in government, responsible for administering legislative power, and is divided into an upper chamber, the House of Peers, and a lower chamber, House of Representatives.

ARTICLE 81 The Imperial Diet is governed by its Internal Regiment, which shall be voted by its own members in the first Ordinary Session after the promulgation of this Constitution.

ARTICLE 82 The Imperial Diet is presided by the Palatine of the House of Peers.

ARTICLE 83 The legislative year will begin with the State Opening of Parliament, held every first of August, and will end every thirtieth of June.
§ 1º The State Opening of Parliament is summoned by imperial decree.
§ 2º The solemn ceremony is held through the Speech from the Throne, addressed in the House of Peers, which will announce the goals of the legislative year.

ARTICLE 84 The competences of the Imperial Diet are:
I – to authorize the declaration of war and the celebration of peace, if approved by 2/3 of its members;
II – to override State of Exception declaration, if approved by 2/3 of its members;
III – to authorize the ratification of international treaties;
IV – to authorize the resignation of the Emperor and recognize the Crown Prince;
V – to authorize the marriage of the Emperor and the Crown Prince;
VI – to supervise the activities of the Cabinet;
VII – to give effect to motion of no confidence;
VIII – to enact constitutional amendments.

ARTICLE 85 The upper chamber consists of:
I – the Crown Prince;
II – the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal;
III – a noble of each constituent state, according to the demarcations provided for in article 58.
§ 1º The vacancies delimited in item III shall be filled by appointment by imperial decree, and its members shall have a title of hierarchy greater than or equal to Margrave, unblemished reputation and not occupy any seat in the lower chamber.
§ 2º The term of office of the members of the upper chamber is lifelong, and may be terminated only by renunciation, criminal conviction or dismissal by imperial decree.
§ 3º The Crown Prince becomes member of the upper chamber only after his majority.
§ 4º The Crown Prince and the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal are not allowed to resign their posts in the upper chamber, unless they renounce their own title.

ARTICLE 86 The House of Peers is governed by its Internal Regiment, which shall be voted by its own members in the first Ordinary Session after the promulgation of this Constitution.

ARTICLE 87 The internal administration of the upper chamber is carried by a presiding board headed by the Palatine of the House of Peers.
SINGLE PARAGRAPH The Palatine of the House of Peers shall be the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal.

ARTICLE 88 The competences of the House of Peers are:
I - to give efficiency to the Speech from the Throne by voting the Act of Government Goals and Objectives, which should delimit the scope of the Cabinet's actions for the legislative year;
II - to approve and reform the bills by relative majority, and constitutional amendments voted in the House of Representatives, in accordance with article 114.

ARTICLE 89 The lower chamber consists of representatives deputies elected by direct election and plurality voting from each one of the constituencies of the Empire.
§ 1º The deputy exercises his legislative functions for a term of two years, and loses his political office only by resignation or criminal conviction.
§ 2º The constituencies are determined by ordinary law and should not be numerically lower than the number of seats occupied in the House of Peers.

ARTICLE 90 The House of Representatives is governed by its Internal Regiment, which shall be voted by its own members in the first Ordinary Session after the promulgation of this Constitution.

ARTICLE 91 The internal administration of the lower chamber is carried by a presiding board headed by the President of the Representatives.
SINGLE PARAGRAPH The President of the Representatives shall be elected by relative majority in the first Ordinary Session after the promulgation of this Constitution, with a term of one year.

ARTICLE 92 The competence of the House of Representatives are:
I – to propose bills;
II – to propose constitutional amendments;
III – to vote bills;
IV – to vote constitutional amendments;
V – to elect by relative majority the Imperial Chancellor.

ARTICLE 93 According to the articles 88 and 92, the legislative process begins in the House of Representatives with the proposal and approval of the bill, and proceed to approval or reform by the House of Peers.
SINGLE PARAGRAPH Even if the bill is amended in the upper chamber, it will proceed for imperial assent.

ARTICLE 94 No member of the parliaments shall at any time suffer legal prosecution on account of his vote, or on account of utterances made while in the performance of his functions, or be held responsible outside the parliaments for his actions in it.

ARTICLE 95 Without the consent of the parliaments, none of its members shall be tried or punished during Ordinary or Extraordinary Sessions for any offences committed, except when arrested in the act of committing the offence, or in the course of the following day.
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Re: Imperial Constitution of Karnia-Ruthenia

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TITLE VI
Judicature
ARTICLE 96 The judiciary power is exercised by appointed magistrates for the various types of courts in the manners and categories established by this Constitution.

ARTICLE 97 All judges shall be appointed from citizens over the age of twenty and with well-known legal knowledge.

ARTICLE 98 All courts shall be autonomous in their administration and governed by an Internal Regiment proposed and voted by their magistrates.

ARTICLE 99 All judgments must be made publicly, but the judge may decide by secret judgment if its publicity seriously affects the public order.

ARTICLE 100 All sentences are pronounced in the name of the Emperor.

ARTICLE 101 The highest judicial authority is exercised by the Imperial Supreme Court, which shall consist of five justices appointed by the Emperor, with the consent of the Imperial Diet, for a lifelong term.

ARTICLE 102 The Imperial Supreme Court is presided by the Palatine of the Court of Justice, appointed by the Emperor, with the consent of the Imperial Diet, for a lifelong term.

ARTICLE 103 The competences of the Imperial Supreme Court are:
I – to judge cases involving constitutional application and interpretation;
II – to judge directly the Emperor, the Imperial Family and any member of the government in trials of any nature;
III – to judge directly crimes of treason and lese-majesty;
IV – to decide as a last appellate level all kinds of trials;
V – to declare the unconstitutionality of laws and government acts;
VI – to pronounce injunction warrant to the Imperial Diet;
VII – to pronounce writ of security.

ARTICLE 104 The High Courts are the organs of the judiciary immediately inferior to the Imperial Supreme Court, and each one shall consist of three justices appointed by the Palatine of the Court of Justice for a lifelong term.

ARTICLE 105 The High Courts are presided by the President of the High Court, appointed by the Palatine of the Imperial Supreme Court for a lifelong term.

ARTICLE 106 The competences of the High Courts are:
I – to receive appeals from Regional Courts;
II – directly receive appeals from the Summary Courts in criminal trials;
III – to receive second appeals from the Summary Courts in civil trials;
IV – to judge directly trials concerning hate crimes.

ARTICLE 107 The Regional Courts are the organs of the judiciary immediately inferior to the High Courts, and each one shall consist of one judge appointed by the President of the Persenburg High Court for a lifelong term.

ARTICLE 108 The competences of the Regional Courts are:
I – to judge directly criminal trials;
II – to judge directly civil trials which penalty provided by law is expulsion;
III – to receive appeals from the Summary Courts in civil trials.

ARTICLE 109 The Summary Courts are the organs of the judiciary immediately inferior to the Regional Courts, and each one shall consist of one summary judge appointed by the President of the Persenburg High Court.
SINGLE PARAGRAPH The summary judges perform their duties only for the duration of the trial for which they have been appointed.

ARTICLE 110 The competence of the Summary Courts is to judge directly civil trials.

ARTICLE 111 No magistrate shall lose his office except by resignation, criminal conviction, or in the specific case provided for in the single paragraph of the article 109.

ARTICLE 112 No magistrate shall be forced to change his place of jurisdiction and shall not be punished or prosecuted for the decisions and acts taken during the exercise of his duties, without prejudice to disciplinary proceedings.
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